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Woods and Parks
The lake Albano


It is a well-known resort, exerting a certain fascination thanks to the paths round it and for the panorama that can be viewed from Castel Gandolfo. It is the perfect spot to stay and have a rest walking in the shadowy woods and along its shores. This area belongs to the Parco Regionale dei Castelli Romani and the southern-east zone of the lake is a natural reserve of 490 hectares.

Area's Natural Characteristics
The lake's history is strictly linked with the geological events determined by the presence of the Laziale volcano. Its activity began more than 600.000 years ago, causing several geological transformations, the latest phase of which formed the crater. The crater filled up with water coming from the water-bearing strata creating the lake. The woods began to cover its versants. Probably in the 4th century B.C. the Latin populations created grounds destined to pasture and to cultivation, by diminishing the water level through the realization of an outlet. The level of lake's water decreased drastically of about 80 metres, enabling the surrounding vegetation to colonize the lake shores, forming the typical riparian woods. The lake's water is very deep, reaching in its southern part a depth of 171 metres; if finds at 293 metres above the sea level, 25 metres deeper than that of Nemi. Without tributaries, the water flowing in it, comes from its surroundings and from the rainfalls. Its northern site it is characterized by a lot of ilexes; on the southern side there are, in addition to this kind of trees, English oaks, maples, and flowering ashes. Near the surface of the lake grow black poplars and several black alders. Where the water is not very deep, there is the reed and the scirpus. Underwater there are clusters of myriophyllum with its leaves like thin filaments. The lake's natural characteristics enable the presence of fishes and nesting avifauna, particularly those birds that spend here the wintertime. Among fish's species there are the perch, the tench, the rovella, the rudd. There are also the eels, long snake-like fishes. The groups of ducks are also very interesting: mallards, pochards, teals, and tufted ducks, and other species of water-birds spending here the wintertime. During the winter it is possible to watch cormorants, coots with their characteristic white spot on the forehead, and grebes with their red and black tufts on the ear, that reproduce in this place. Along the slopes where the trees are less thick it is possible to watch other types of Mediterranean birds, such as: sparrows, and white-throats. Among the daily birds of prey there are kestrels and hawks.

At the kilometre 21,400 along the via Appia (S.S. 7), turn to to the left toward the Lake Albano, after 2,2 kilometres, cross the tunnel, you will reach directly the lake. It is possible to reach the lake also from the centre of Castel Gandolfo, trough a street which cross the railway line Rome-Albano. Near the lake's outlet starts a path flanking the water in its southern part. This five-kilometre-long path is not very difficult to walk and it will take you at least two hours. The road around the lake's shore is nine-kilometre-long, considering also the asphalted part.

Roads and Public Transports
By Car: From Rome cross the Via Appia Nuova (S.S.7) (slip-road 23 of G.R.A.) following the road signs toward Castel Gandolfo.
By train:There is a train starting each hour from Rome. It will take you 45 minutes to reach Castel Gandolfo. For information on train timetable call the phone number:… or visit the web page:www…. The railway station is at fivehundert-metres distance from the lake.
By Bus: Rome-Castel Gandolfo. (Cotral bus service phone number 800431784, phone number 067222153) from the underground station ‘Anagnina' of the Linea A. It will take you about 40 minutes to reach Castel Gandolfo. To reach the lake's shore (1 km), it is possible to take the local bus.

Fauna, Geology, Landscape

The access to the lake is open in every season. There are bathing structures where it is possible to rent canoes, pedal boats, sailing boats or mountain bikes. For information phone to the Azienda Autonoma Soggiorno e Turismo in Albano Laziale, phone number 069324081/2, fax 069320040, or the Parco Regionale dei Castelli Romani presso la sede di Villa Barattolo, Via C. Battisti n.5, 00040 Rocca di Papa (Roma), phone number 069495253/5 - fax 069495254

Tourist signs
There is an explanatory board at the beginning of the path, but not along it. Near the lake's outlet there is an area with picnic facilities (tables, benches, seesaws and swings). There are also explanatory boards.

Further Information
Web sites:,,
Books: AA.VV., 1996. Quattordici sentieri tra natura e archeologia dei Castelli Romani e Prenestini. Editore XI Townstà Montana del Lazio Castelli Romani e Prenestini, via della Pineta 69, Rocca Priora (RM); Bassani P., Lotti L., 1992. Alberi e arbusti del Parco Regionale dei Castelli Romani. Edizioni del Parco, Rocca di Papa (RM); AA.VV., 1993. 14 Routes – Lazio. Guide geologiche regionali, vol. 5. Società Geologica Italiana, Roma.

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